Comparative epidemiology of poliovirus transmission

Corresponding authors: Navideh Noori,; John M. Drake,; and Pejman Rohani, Since the widespread introduction of the polio vaccine in the mid 1900s, poliomyelitis, an acute viral disease, has been almost eradicated, with a decline of over 99% in the annual wild poliovirus (WPV) incidence. However, challenges including conflict, religious beliefs, and social […]

Core pertussis transmission groups in England and Wales: A tale of two eras

Corresponding authors: Ana Bento,; Pejman Rohani, Despite high vaccine coverage, a recent national resurgence of pertussis (whooping cough) in England and Wales has researchers questioning the drivers behind the sudden surge of this highly contagious respiratory disease. Interestingly, researchers have noted a shift in the affected age-distribution of […]

Estimating the distance to an epidemic threshold

Corresponding Authors: Eamon B. O’Dea,; Andrew W. Park,; John M. Drake, An important component of predicting disease emergence is the ability to assess the distance to epidemic thresholds, the critical number of susceptible hosts needed for an epidemic to occur. Monitoring this threshold allows researchers to confirm […]

Residence time, native range size, and genome size predict naturalization among angiosperms introduced to Australia

Corresponding Authors: John P. Schmidt,; John M. Drake,; Patrick Stephens, The increasing globalization of human, animal, and plant populations drives researchers to investigate how, and at what rate, introduced species will successfully become part of a native ecosystem. For many organisms, certain traits are often related to […]

Experimental evidence of a pathogen invasion threshold

Corresponding Author: John Drake, When studying infectious disease dynamics, it is important to understand the factors that facilitate (or prevent) pathogen invasion into a host population. For example, host population density may affect the pathogen invasion threshold, or the level below which a pathogen is unable to invade a […]

Forecasting infectious disease emergence subject to seasonal forcing

Corresponding Author: Paige Miller, Although vaccinations are widely utilized, many childhood infections, such as measles and whooping cough, continue to pose health threats for human populations. An alternative method for reducing the negative impacts of infectious diseases involves predicting disease emergence using early warning signals (EWS), which are statistical […]

The effects of tidal elevation on parasite heterogeneity and coinfection in the eastern oyster, Crassostrea virginica

Corresponding Author: James E. Byers, For any ecosystem, interactions between parasites and their hosts are complex, and are often influenced by changing environmental conditions. Even at small spatial scales, such as coastal intertidal zones, changing conditions can affect parasite abundance and infection rates, which may ultimately regulate the distribution […]

Host and parasite thermal ecology jointly determine the effect of climate warming on epidemic dynamics

Corresponding Author: Alyssa Gehman, Summary Writer: Trippe Ross, Host organisms and their parasites undergo physiological changes in response to climate warming, and these responses may alter the spread and transmission of infectious diseases.  Ectotherms are especially sensitive to environmental temperature, and climate warming may reduce or increase disease […]

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