The importance of early life experience and animal cultures in reintroductions

Corresponding Author: Claire S. Teitelbaum, Summary Author: Leah Crone, Many animal species have specific behaviors which occur in a group throughout generations, also known as animal cultures. These behaviors are taught to the young in a group by mimicking the actions of the older, more experienced individuals. With […]

Disentangling the link between supplemental feeding, population density, and the prevalence of pathogens in urban stray cats

Corresponding Author: Myung-Sun Chun, Summary Author: Leah Crone, Feral cats often receive supplemental feeding from humans in urban environments.  These humans can be considered “cat caretakers.” With an expected positive correlation between increased cat population density and cat caretaker activity, there is concern that more densely populated areas […]

Changing resource landscapes and spillover of henipaviruses

Corresponding author: Maureen Kessler, Due to land use change, many pteropodids, a family of old world fruit bats, are forced to alter their foraging behavior, causing them to move to regions that are in close proximity to humans. This leads to more human-bat interactions and a greater risk of zoonotic […]

Anticipating epidemic transitions with imperfect data

Corresponding Author: Tobias S. Brett Recent literature has highlighted the potential to predict disease outbreak through early-warning signals (EWS), summary statistics which undergo characteristic changes as an epidemic transition is approached. In these transitions, disease transmission can shift from limited, stuttering chains of transmission to large-scale outbreaks. Thus successful prediction […]

Estimating the distance to an epidemic threshold

Corresponding Author: Eamon B. O’Dea, An important component of predicting disease emergence is the ability to assess the distance to epidemic thresholds, the critical number of susceptible hosts needed for an epidemic to occur. Monitoring this threshold allows researchers to confirm the emergence of an epidemic and take action […]

Effectiveness of WHO’s pragmatic screening algorithm for child contacts of tuberculosis cases in resource-constrained settings: a prospective cohort study in Uganda

Corresponding Author:  Andreas Handel, For infectious diseases, especially diseases that are spread from person to person by droplets in the air produced by coughing or sneezing, determining the contact rate and tracing the contact network provides important information for implementing effective health interventions. One such disease, tuberculosis (TB), is […]

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