Effectiveness of WHO’s pragmatic screening algorithm for child contacts of tuberculosis cases in resource-constrained settings: a prospective cohort study in Uganda

Corresponding Author:  Andreas Handel, andreas.handel@gmail.com For infectious diseases, especially diseases that are spread from person to person by droplets in the air produced by coughing or sneezing, determining the contact rate and tracing the contact network provides important information for implementing effective health interventions. One such disease, tuberculosis (TB), is […]

The impact of past vaccination coverage and immunity on pertussis resurgence

Corresponding Author: Pejman Rohani; Rohani@uga.edu After implementing routine vaccination in the 1940s, the United States witnessed a 100-fold reduction in pertussis cases, also known as whooping cough, leaving most to believe the disease to be essentially eliminated. However, this respiratory disease has made a surprising comeback, with a startling 48,277 reported […]

The description and number of undiscovered mammal species

Corresponding authors: John Vinson, vinsonje@uga.edu; John Drake, john@drakeresearchlab.com Accurate species counts, as well as estimates of the number of undescribed species for a given ecosystem, are important for implementing effective conservation strategies across the globe. Since it is impossible to get a direct, total count of all species on Earth, […]

Characterizing the Phylogenetic Specialism–Generalism Spectrum of Mammal Parasites

Corresponding Authors: Andrew Park, awpark@uga.edu; J. P. Schmidt, jps@uga.edu; John Drake, john@drakeresearchlab.com; Patrick Stephens, prsteph@uga.edu Generalist parasites are parasites that can infect many different hosts, allowing them to impact a wide range of animals and potentially facilitate disease emergence in new hosts. While this poses a threat for biodiversity conservation and public health, understanding […]

Migratory behavior predicts greater parasite diversity in ungulates

Corresponding authors: Claire S. Teitelbaum, cteitelbaum@uga.edu; Richard J. Hall, dr.richard.hall@gmail.com; Sonia Altizer, saltizer@uga.edu Summary Author: Clarissa Keisling, ceid@uga.edu Ungulates, or hoofed animals, are found all over the world and display a variety of movement behaviors, such as seasonal migration, nomadism, and range residency. Disease ecologists predict that these movements can either increase their exposure […]

Anthropogenic resource subsidies and host–parasite dynamics in wildlife

Corresponding Authors: Daniel J. Becker, daniel.becker88@gmail.com; Richard J. Hall, dr.richard.hall@gmail.com; Sonia Altizer, saltizer@uga.edu Summary Author: Clarissa Keisling Photo Credit: Richard Hall Ecological and environmental research frequently reports on the negative anthropogenic effects on wildlife, with habitat loss and destruction as a major focus. However, human activities including agriculture, urbanization, and supplemental feeding can alternatively […]

Comparative epidemiology of poliovirus transmission

Corresponding authors: Navideh Noori, nnoori@uga.edu; John M. Drake, john@drakeresearchlab.com; and Pejman Rohani, Rohani@uga.edu Since the widespread introduction of the polio vaccine in the mid 1900s, poliomyelitis, an acute viral disease, has been almost eradicated, with a decline of over 99% in the annual wild poliovirus (WPV) incidence. However, challenges including conflict, religious beliefs, and social […]

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